Seeking Assistance from Non-Muslims Not Tantamount to Agreeing With their Beliefs, By Murtadha Gusau
Servants of Allah!.. Leaning on such assistance is not considered supporting a non-Muslim against a Muslim, but rather it is supporting Islam, establishing the religion, and eradicating corruption from the earth.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Bestower of Mercy
Verily, all good praises are for Allah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is alone without any partner and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.”[Surah Ali Imran, 3:102]
“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women, and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship) Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you).” [Surah An-Nisa’, 4:1]
“O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (Pbuh) he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hellfire and made to enter Paradise).” [Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:70-71]
Verily the best of speech is the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (Pbuh). The worst of affairs are the newly-invented affairs (in the religion) and every newly invented affair in the religion is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance and all misguidance is in the hellfire. As to what proceeds:
My dear brothers and sisters! The extremist and armed groups like ISIS, Al Qaeda, Al Shabab, Taliban, Boko Haram, Hizbullah etc, and anyone with their understanding or those who are their supporters, have based their anathematisation of leaders and the population at large, primarily on the notion that seeking help from non-Muslims means agreeing to their beliefs. With this in mind, I thought it important to shed some light on the legal ruling of seeking help from non-Muslims in times of war, concluding that it is permissible. Furthermore, if it is permissible in times of war, then its permissibility in times of peace is greater, thereby nullifying a fundamental principle that those groups has used to spill the blood of innocent people.
Servants of Allah! The majority of jurists (Fuqaha) were of the opinion that it is permissible for Muslims, when fighting the enemy or defending themselves or their country to seek assistance from non-Muslims in times of necessity, whether that be through additional fighters, weapons, or experience, if the Muslims are lacking. Leaning on such assistance is not considered supporting a non-Muslim against a Muslim, but rather it is supporting Islam, establishing the religion, and eradicating corruption from the earth.
Today, those extremists justify their stance using the hadith of A’isha (RA), recorded in Sahih Muslim, in which the Prophet (Pbuh) sent back a polytheist (mushrik), who came to fight with the Muslims after asking him:
“Do you believe in Allah and His Messenger?” The man said, “No.” The Prophet (Pbuh) then said, “Return, for I shall never seek help from a polytheist.” (Recorded by Muslim)
My people! This hadith is understood in the context that either there was no necessity in seeking the polytheist’s services, or the Prophet (Pbuh) instructed him to return in hope that he would embrace Islam — which he did, as is mentioned in the end of the hadith.
Imam Al-Nawawi (Rahimahullah) said:
“It has been reported in another hadith that the Prophet (Pbuh) sought help from Safwan bin Umayyah before he embraced Islam. So a group of scholars took the first narration as a general overruling statement, whereas Imam al-Shafi’i and others took the opinion that if the non-Muslim provides only advice to Muslims and necessity calls for seeking his help, his help could be sought, and if there is no need then it is disliked (Makruh). Hence, by applying the two requirements, he put both narrations in effect.” (Sharh Sahih Muslim Ibn Hajjaj, vol. 12, page 199. By Imam Al-Nawawi)
Infact, scholars used this opinion to pass judgement during the war to liberate Kuwait (For example read the fatwa of Shaykh Abdul’aziz Ibn Baz regarding the permissibility of seeking assistance from a non-Muslim out of necessity).
Seeking assistance from non-Muslims today is to strengthen the true vision of Islam that the Prophet (Pbuh) was sent with and to eradicate the evil of these rebellious groups.
Islam is truly a religion of mercy, wisdom, justice, tolerance and peace. Muslims have been known through out history for observing covenants, even when the covenants harmed them, and that was one of the most significant reasons for the spread of Islam.
The actions and activities of ISIS, Boko Haram, Al Shabab and all the terrorist and armed groups are corrosive, distorting the image of Islam, harming it, and chasing people away from the religion.
In actuality, terrorist and extremist groups and organisations are doing a great service to those who hate Islam and Muslim, as they think this perversion is infact Islam. When the Muslim leaders seek assistance from non-Muslims, they do so to support Muslims across the world, from Indonesia to Morocco, as ISIS has supporters in every country. If they were able, they would commit the same heinous acts or worse in other countries.
My respected people! This seeking of assistance is not tantamount to agreeing with non-Muslims on their beliefs, but rather it is the exchanging of mutual benefit. They have an evident interest which does not contradict Islam, and that is to protect their lives, properties and their countries from these terrorists and extremists who revolted, broke covenants, killed innocent citizens, and incited people in countries with whom we have covenants, to act treacherously and violate their contracts. The Prophet (Pbuh) is reported to have said, in a narration recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim:
“A banner shall be raised for every traitor on the Day of Judgement saying, This is the treachery of so-and-so.” (Buhari and Muslim)
In fact, the benefits for Muslims in this are greater and more important than they are for non-Muslims.
Shaykh Abdul Aziz Ibn Baz said, when explaining the difference between seeking assistance and agreement with non-Muslim beliefs:
“Some people think that seeking assistance from non-Muslims is considered agreement with their beliefs. It is not, as seeking assistance is one thing and agreement with their beliefs is another. The Prophet (Pbuh), when seeking assistance from al-Mut’im bin Addiy, Abdullah ibn Urayqit, or the Jews of Khaybar, was not agreeing with the non-Muslims beliefs or giving them authority over Muslims. Rather, he did that out of need for them, to utilise them in matters that would benefit the Muslims and not harm them. Likewise, his sending the emigrants from Makkah to Abyssinia (Habasha/Ethiopia) was not an agreement with the beliefs of the Christians, but rather he did that in the interests of the Muslims, to mitigate harms coming to them. Therefore, it is incumbent on Muslims to distinguish between that which Allah distinguishes and to utilize each proof in its proper place — and Allah is the Giver of success.” (Majmu’ al-Fatawa of Shaykh Abdul’aziz Ibn Baz, vol. 7 page 364, vol. 18 page 436 and vol. 25 page 373)
The author of the above mentioned fatwa, Shaykh Abdul’aziz Ibn Baz, was the previous Mufti of Saudi Arabia, the Chairman of the Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fatwa, and the President of the Supreme Council of Scholars (In Saudi Arabia).
To conclude my Sermon, dear brothers and sisters, know that fasting six days of Shawwal after the obligatory fast of Ramadan is Sunnah Mustahabbah. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast the six days of Shawwal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward.
Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for himself or herself a reward as if he or she had fasted a whole year, as was reported in a Sahih Hadith from the Prophet (Pbuh). Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) said:
“Whoever fasts Ramadan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a Lifetime.” [Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nisa’i and Ibn Majah]
The Prophet (Pbuh) explained this when he said:
“Whoever fasts for six days after (Eid) al-Fitr has completed the year: (whoever does a good deed (Hasanah) will have ten Hasanah like it).”
According to another report:
“Allah has made for each Hasanah ten like it, so a month is like fasting ten months, and fasting six days completes the Year.” [An-Nisa’i and Ibn Majah. See also Sahih at-Targhib wa’t-Tarhib, 1/421]
It was also narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah with the wording:
“Fasting for the month of Ramadan brings the reward of ten like it, and fasting for six days brings the reward of two months, and that is the fasting of the whole Year.”
Servants of Allah! The Hanbali and Shafi’i fuqaha (Jurists) explained that fasting six days of Shawwal after fasting Ramadan makes it as if one has fasted for an entire year of obligatory fasts, because the multiplication of the reward applies even to nafilah fasts, because each
Hasanah brings the reward of ten like it.
Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwal is that it makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his nafilah deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds, as the Prophet (Pbuh) said:
“The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their Salah (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels – although He knows best – ‘Look at the Salah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.’ If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (nafilah) prayers.’ If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.’ Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner.” [Narrated by Abu Dawud]
Oh Allah! Make every single aspect of our life be for You and in service of Your Creation. Please remove all false intentions that we have.
Oh Allah! Save humanity from being its own enemy. Protect Your creation from oppression. Save the people of Nigeria from internal and external oppressors and give them justice. Protect us all from violence, fear and danger, You are our Protector.
Ya Allah! Let us love You as You deserved to be loved, and let us fear You as You deserve to be feared, and let us leave this world serving Your creation for Your sake.
Oh Allah! Increase us in beneficial knowledge, let this knowledge be with sincerity, not for seeking fame, glory, status, material wealth. Let this knowledge serve Your cause in a way that You accept, and let it benefit humanity.
Oh Allah! Please guide our children and all children. They are surrounded by so much temptation and forbidden things. Protect them our Lord from all of the evil influences that are around them. Give them friends who will strengthen their faith and help them stay on the Straight Path.
I ask Allah to give us the ability to restrain our desires and to willingly submit ourselves to His will.
Oh Allah the Almighty, make our country Nigeria safe and the other Muslim countries in general. Oh Lord of the universe, jinn and mankind assist our Acting President Yemi Osinbajo in governing this great country. Bless him with the power, the wisdom, the knowledge, and the energy to take Nigeria to a greater heights.
Oh Allah, protect our safety, our Iman and our peace in our native lands and rectify those placed in authority over our affairs (our leaders), and don’t hold us to account for that which the foolish amongst us have done, and protect us from trials the apparent and hidden of it.
Oh Allah, show us the truth for the truth and help us to follow it, and show us the falsehood for falsehood and help us to stay away from it, and make Iman the most beloved to us and beautify it in our hearts, and make disbelief, lewdness and rebellion most hated to us and make us from those who are guided.
Oh Allah, rectify our leaders, guide them to that which is good for themselves and to that which is good for us. Oh Allah make them a means for our safety, and make them a means for our word (unity) to be one, and make them a cause for our coming together, Yaa Al-Hayyu, Oh The Ever Living, The One who cannot die, Yaa Al-Qayyum, The Self Sustainer, Yaa Saami’, The Hearer of the supplication.
Oh Allah, safeguard our country. Oh Allah, bring ease to the Nigerians from that which they face from sufferings. Oh Allah, give us immediate ease. Oh Allah give us victory with a happy outcome. Oh Allah, make ease for the Nigerians from every difficulty and from every suffering, Oh Hearer of the supplication, Oh Reliever from every distress, Oh answerer of the supplication, Oh Helper of the grieving, Oh ever living, Self Sustaining, Oh Hearer of the supplication, Oh Owner of Loftiness and Nobility!
Oh Allah! The Sustainer of Mankind! Remove the illness from our President Muhammadu Buhari, cure his disease. You are the One Who cures. There is no cure except Your cure. Grant us a cure that leaves no illness.
I ask Allah, the Mighty, the Lord of the Mighty Throne, to cure President Muhammadu Buhari.
Oh Allah! Our Lord and Sustainer! Grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and save us from the Fire of Jahannam (Hellfire).
I seek protection in the might of Allah and His power from the evil of what President Muhammadu Buhari is experiencing and of what he fear.
I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray that He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.
O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us. Ameen Yaa Rabb!
My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.
May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.
With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving Most Merciful.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Shawwal 6,1438 A.H. (June 30, 2017), By Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached through: +2348038289761.