Developing Africa the Tony Elumelu Way, By Bisi Daniels
“At the end of our 10-year commitment,” the Foundation says, “Tony Elumelu Entrepreneurs will become a generation of dynamic African business owners, who will prove that local business growth will drive Africa’s economic and social transformation. We believe that by the end of this ‘Decade of African Entrepreneurship,’ thousands of businesses will grow and flourish, driving sustainable prosperity across Africa.”
This year’s Tony Elumelu Entrepreneurship Forum, which brought together thousands of entrepreneurs from across Africa, held recently in Lagos.
Ordinarily, the logistics challenge of hosting one thousand young people from over 54 countries, and prominent investors, entrepreneurs, business leaders and policy makers should be an onerous task that would make the success of the forum evoke a feeling of achievement and contentment.
But, as some guests noted, the enormity of addressing Africa’s twin challenges of unemployment and poverty is a far greater challenge.
With Africa’s abundant natural and human resources, its endemic poverty has become a perplexing paradox.
In the novel, The False Truth, a professor tells a sad tale of the continent: “Africa’s geography and environment are in direct contrast to its political and social circumstances. A continent that is so rich in natural resources has been plagued by destructive leadership motivated mainly by greed.”
“With its pristine simplicity, the continent evokes thoughts of Eden,” the professor continues. “This is evident in her exquisite flora and fauna. At the same time, the widespread senseless poverty echoes the outback of hell, with poverty and devastating diseases serving as the hallmark of the average citizen’s daily existence.
“Capturing Africa’s magnetic ability to attract perilous opposites, TIME magazine once reported that: “Africa—especially the sub-Saharan region—has begun to look like an immense illustration of chaos theory.”
“According to observations made by the British charity, Oxfam, development efforts have been in place all over the continent throughout the past two decades, yet Africans continue to grow poorer with each passing year. This is hard to believe. I don’t have to tell you that Africa is blessed with all the resources that make for greatness — human, material, and ecological.”
According to the professor, “The continent harbours more than 40 percent of the world’s potential hydroelectric power supply; the bulk of the world’s diamond and chromium resources; 30 percent of the uranium; 50 percent of the world’s gold; 90 percent of its cobalt; 50 percent of its phosphates; 40 percent of its platinum; 7.5 percent of its coal; 8 percent of its known petroleum reserves; 12 percent of its natural gas; 3 percent of its iron ore; 64 percent of the world’s manganese, 13 percent of its copper, vast bauxite, nickel and lead resources, and millions of untilled farmlands.”
“You are probably wondering why, in this world of great abundance, such extreme poverty not only exists, but is allowed to continue,” the professor continued.
But while much of Africa’s poverty is attributable to poor leadership, it is obvious that there is much individuals can do to better their lot and those of others before the red of the famine of good leadership turns green.
Aliko Dangote, president of the Dangote Group, who spoke at the forum, offered another scary perspective: “Unemployment around the continent is troubling. A 2013 study by Brookings Institution found that African youth (15-24 years) constitute about 37 percent of the working age population. The same age group, however, accounts for about 70 percent of jobless people in Africa.
“Working poverty rates among the youth in Sub-Saharan Africa was nearly 70 percent in 2016, translating to about 64 million working youth living in extreme or moderate poverty (less than $3.10 per day).
“About 10 – 12 million young people join the continent’s labour market each year.”
But the man, who became an entrepreneur at young age, and is now a leading industrialist across Africa, employing thousands of people, has a solution: “From a very early age young Africans have to be encouraged, educated, equipped and inspired to be employers of labour rather than employees.
“Entrepreneurship has the potential to be one of the most potent tools for Africa’s transformation. Entrepreneurship can create jobs and increase the middle class which is essential in sustaining economic growth.”
“We can’t look on without doing something,” says Tony Elumelu, an entrepreneur, philanthropist. “This is as fundamental reason we have the Tony Elumelu Foundation doing what we are doing today.”
He continued: “When we launched, we wanted to change the narrative on African development. We wanted to reframe the agenda, so that economic development would no longer be centred on foreign aid. We would show that Africa’s transformation could and should be driven by Africans.”
Established in 2010, The Tony Elumelu Foundation is a leading philanthropic organisation in Africa with the aim of promoting entrepreneurship as the catalyst for the socio-economic development of the continent. The Foundation has set itself apart from grant-making bodies, by operationalising integrated programmes to support entrepreneurship in Africa and by enhancing the competitiveness of the African private sector.
TEF has achieved this, namely through its flagship initiative – the entrepreneurship programme, a 10-year, $100 million commitment to identifying, training, mentoring and funding 10,000 entrepreneurs.
Vice President Yemi Osinbajo
Vice President Osinbajo, noted for richly illustrated speeches, graced the forum with another simple but powerful speech on the same theme of what will make Africa work – the resourcefulness of its people.
“Here in this room are seated the answers to that question, indeed we have right here with us 1000 reasons why Africa would work and you are those reasons why this country will work,” he observed as he opened his presentation.
“Across agriculture, ICT, hospitality, fashion, energy, manufacturing, entertainment and many other fields, the breadth and depth of talent and innovation on display in the current and previous Tony Elumelu Entrepreneurship cohort have shown that there is indeed hope.”
He had examples to show:
• In the 2016 set, we have Osakwe Chukwunonso, who is building vehicles that would run on clean energy.
• Soji Megbowan, who is creating educational products that would simplify STEM, especially the teaching of STEM subjects.
• Sierra Leonean Edward Noni, from the 2015 set, built a tracking tool which was useful, following the devastating flood in his home country of Sierra Leone.
• Frank Mugarura of Rwanda is the proprietor of a branding and marketing agency that is set to conquer the continent.
• Nkem Okocha, Mamamoni, as she is called, runs a prolific microcredit enterprise.
“These are merely a handful of some of the inspiring stories that have preceded you and we know now that indeed Africa is set for incredible progress in the next few years.”
There are many more, where his examples came from:
• Shabbirali Hasnain Mussa, of Tanzania is of the 2017 set. He said, “After receiving the seed capital from TEF, we have secured office space, and managed to get an affordable bag making machine which produces non-woven bags. By doing this, we have had the chance to grow our business and hired five staff; by doing this, we doubled our output and attracted new clients.”
• Dennis Mulongo Mutoro, from Kenya: “Within two months of joining, I launched a new product. Three months later, before even completing the programme, I have made three sales and one contract for over $28,300. This I owe to TEF training alone.”
• Jean Emmanuel Yannick Labonne, of Mauritius: “The seed capital is a blessing. I once read Mr.Elumelu’s quote “Do not eat the seed” and this was the guiding line for me when I received the seed capital. To be part of TEF has opened unimaginable doors and allowed me to dive deep and explore the depths of entrepreneurship. I shall be forever grateful.”
Professor Osinbajo also dwelt on the blockers to the potentials of the young entrepreneurs, key among which he called the tyranny of the past. He cautioned them on how history can tie people down, compelling them to look back until sometimes when they trip; compelling them to look at the present with fear and apprehension; how history, especially past failures, individually or collectively, can become a barrier to the achievement of freedom.
With resources and knowledge acquired by the participants, he charged them to make “forward ever” their policy.
Of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, etc
Citing factors like ingenuity, creativity, ideas and most importantly passion in the success stories of such great men around the world, Elumelu also urged the participants to be their best.
He however called on governments of various African countries to improve on the ease of doing business to enable entrepreneurs thrive. He commended the Buhari administration for improving the operating environment in Nigeria. Then, he stressed the point he has often made, that it is for Africans to develop Africa. But indeed, that should be a challenge for his enormous energy, wealth and experience.
“At the end of our 10-year commitment,” the Foundation says, “Tony Elumelu Entrepreneurs will become a generation of dynamic African business owners, who will prove that local business growth will drive Africa’s economic and social transformation. We believe that by the end of this ‘Decade of African Entrepreneurship,’ thousands of businesses will grow and flourish, driving sustainable prosperity across Africa. Furthermore, they will create ripples and waves of economic transformation across the continent.”
Tony O. Elumelu is an entrepreneur and a philanthropist. The chairman of Heirs Holdings, United Bank for Africa Plc, and Transcorp Nigeria Plc.
“In his early career, he made a name for himself by turning the nearly bankrupt Standard Trust Bank into a top-five player in Nigeria. In 2005 he led the largest merger in the banking sector in sub-Saharan Africa, acquiring United Bank for Africa (UBA). In five years, he transformed it from a single-country bank to a pan-African institution with over 7 million customers in 19 African countries.
“In 2010, he commenced full-time operations at Heirs Holdings and founded The Tony Elumelu Foundation, an Africa-based and African-funded philanthropic organisation focused on supporting entrepreneurs in Africa by enhancing the competitiveness of the private sector.
“He serves as a member of the USAID’s Private Capital Group for Africa Partners Forum. He sits on the Nigerian President’s Agricultural Transformation Implementation Council and serves as Co-Chair of the Aspen Institute Dialogue Series on Global Food Security. He played a leading role in the formation of the National Competitiveness Council of Nigeria and serves as its vice chairman. He is also a member of the Global Advisory Board of the United Nations Sustainable Energy for All Initiative.
“He is the author and leading proponent of the philosophy he calls “Africapitalism,” which is the private sector’s commitment to Africa’s development through long-term investment in strategic sectors of the economy that drive economic prosperity and social wealth.
“In 2003 the FG of Nigeria conferred the national honour of Member of the Federal Republic on Mr. Elumelu. In 2012 he was also awarded the Commander of the Order of the Niger for his service in promoting private enterprise. He was recognised as one of “Africa’s 20 Most Powerful People in 2012” by Forbes magazine and the New African magazine featured him in its list of the “100 Most Influential Africans in Business.”
Bisi Daniels is a journalist and author of The False Truth.