In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, the Cherisher and Nourisher (Rabb) of the entire universe; the felicity of the hereafter is for those who fear Him.

I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Him. He is without partner, the object of worship of all the fore-runners and those gone-by. He maintains and administers the heavens and earth.

I further bear testimony to the fact that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His Messenger, His beloved and the custodian of His Revelation. Almighty Allah had sent him as the Messenger of good tidings and warner to all of humanity. He has been sent as the caller towards Allah, a shining and bright lamp shedding light. Allah’s blessings be upon His Messenger (Peace be upon him), his progeny, his Companions, who followed him in his mission of inviting the people towards Allah, remained steadfast therein, and offered sacrifices for the same, till Allah, the Almighty gave supremacy to His religion through them and gave eminence to His Kalimah – in spite of the disliking of the polytheists and hypocrites. Countless salutations – Peace and blessings be upon the Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him).

Respected Servants of Allah! The Pharaoh who ruled Egypt was a tyrant leader who oppressed the descendants of Ya’qub (Jacob) (Peace be upon him), known as the children of Israel (Bani Israel). He used every means to demean and disgrace them. They were kept in bondage and forced to work for him for small wages or nothing. Under this system the people obeyed and worshipped the Pharaoh, and the ruling class carried out his orders, thereby authorising his tyranny and crazy whims.

The Pharaoh wanted the people to love and obey him only, and to believe in the gods of his invention. Perhaps, during that time, there were many classes of people who did not believe in or practice polytheism; however, they kept this to themselves and outwardly did as they were expected to do, without revolting or revealing themselves to anyone.

Thus, successive dynasties came to Egypt and assumed that they were gods or their representative or spokesmen.

Years passed, and a despotic king, who was adored by the Egyptians, ruled Egypt. His king saw the children of Israel multiplying and prospering. He heard them talking about a vague vision that one of Israel’s sons would dethrone the Pharaoh of Egypt. Perhaps this vision was only a daydream that persisted within the hearts of the persecuted minority, or perhaps it was a prophecy from their books.

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Another tradition states that it was Pharaoh himself who had the vision. Ibn Abbas narrated that:

“Fir’awn (Pharaoh) saw in his vision a fire, which came from Jerusalem and burned the houses of the Egyptians, and all Copts, and did not do harm to the children of Israel. When he woke up, he was horrified. He then gathered his priests, his dubious scholars and magicians and asked them about this vision. They said: ‘This means a boy will be born of them and the Egyptian people will perish at his hands.’ That is why Pharaoh commanded that all male children of the children of Israel be killed.'”

Either way, this vision reached the ears of the Pharaoh. He then issued a decree to slay any male child that would be born to the children of Israel. This was carried out until the experts of economics in the government said to Pharaoh:

“The aged of the children of Israel die and the young are slaughtered. This will lead to their annihilation. As a result, Pharaoh will lose the manpower of those who work for him, those whom he enslaves, and their women whom he exploits. It is better to regulate this procedure by initiating the following policy: males should be slaughtered in one year but spared to live the next year.”

Fir’awn (Pharaoh) found that solution to be safer economically.

Prophet Musa’s (Moses) mother was pregnant with Harun (Aaron) (Peace be upon him) in a year that boys were spared; thus she gave birth to the child publicly and safely. During a year in which boys were to be slain, she gave birth to Musa (Moses Peace be upon him); thus his birth caused her much terror. She was afraid he would be slain, so she nursed him secretly.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! It is obligatory upon every believer to have firm conviction on what Allah has mentioned in the Qur’an. They must have belief that whatever is mentioned in the Qur’an is the truth and there is not a doubt on even one letter of the Qur’an. To have the slightest amount of doubt regarding the Qur’an will render a person out of the fold of Islam. May Allah preserve our faith, Ameen.

It is incorrect to compare the Qur’an to historical and archeological research and judge Qur’an through their scope and understanding. Firstly, historical data has always been tampered with and has been influenced many a times by people’s emotions and understanding of history. Secondly, historians and archeologist reject anything for which they have not found any proof. Not being able to find any ‘proofs’ does not negate the whole incident and render the incident false. It merely means they weren’t able to discover any archeological proofs. Thirdly, the Word of Allah is superior than any science or history. Therefore, if even some historical information or scientific and archeological fact appears contradictory to the teachings of the Qur’an, then we will hold fast to the Qur’an and leave aside all others.

Also, one should understand that the Qur’an is not a history book where dates and names of people are mentioned in detail. The Qur’an is a book of guidance for mankind in order for people to take heed and derive lessons from it so that they turn towards Allah, the Almighty.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! The term Pharaoh (Fir’awn) is not a name of any particular person, but it is a title for the rulers of the Coptic nation. Here under is a list of titles for rulers of various parts of the world mentioned in history:

* Amir al-Mu’mineen (ﺃﻣﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ) – The ruler of the Muslims.

* Fir’awn (ﻓﺮﻋﻮﻥ) – The ruler of the Coptics.

* Najjashi (ﻧﺠﺎﺷﻰ ) – The ruler of the Abyssinians.

* Kisra (ﻛﺴﺮﻯ) – The ruler of the Persians.

* Qaysar (ﻗﻴﺼﺮ ) – The ruler of the Romans.

* Khaqan (ﺧﺎﻗﺎﻥ) – The ruler of the Turks.

* Aziz (ﻋﺰﻳﺰ) – The ruler of the Egyptians.

[See Sharh Sahih Muslim of Imam an-Nawawi]

Beloved Servants of Allah! The story of Prophet Musa (AS) and the Fir’awn (Pharaoh) is quiet lengthy and spread out in the Qur’an. Now I will reproduce a brief account of the story in light of the Qur’an.

The Israelites were living a life of slavery, hunger, poverty and insecurity under the rule of the Pharaoh where hardship and oppression was part and parcel of their life. Once the Pharaoh saw an unusual dream for which he asked his royal wise men to interpret. They gave the meaning that a boy will be born in the family of the Israelites who will liberate them from this slavery and who will destroy the Pharaoh’s empire. Not being able to handle this devastating news, he ordered his men that all new born male children must be murdered. His men went to the Israelite’s villages and towns and started to brutally murder all the new born male children. Prophet Musa (AS) was born at such distressing times. The mother of Musa (AS) fearing the life of her child was very perplexed on what to do. However, Allah had already destined the future of this child and had decreed that he will survive and the same Pharaoh who ordered the killing, will raise him. Allah Ta’ala describing the incident in the Qur’an says:

“Ta Sin Mim. These are verses of the clear Book. We recite to you a part of the story of Musa and Pharaoh with truth for a people who believe. Indeed, Pharaoh had become high-handed in the land, and had divided its people into different groups; he used to persecute a group of them, slaughtering their sons and keeping their women alive. Indeed he was one of the mischief-makers, while We intended to favour those who were held as weak in the land, and to make them leaders and make them inheritors, and give them power in the land, and to show Pharaoh, Haman and their armies the very thing they were fearing from them. We inspired the mother of Musa saying, Suckle him (Musa). Then once you fear about him, cast him in the river, and do not fear, and do not grieve. Surely We are going to bring him back to you and appoint him one of (Our) Messengers.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

The mother upon being inspired by Allah put the child in a basket and set him off in the river. She sent her daughter to look and see what will be the fate of the child. The basket/box went and reached the house of the Pharaoh. The wife of the Pharaoh fell in love with the child as soon as her gazed fell upon him and intended to raise the child. Allah Ta’ala continuing with the story says:

“So the family of Pharaoh picked him up, so that he becomes for them an enemy and a (cause of) grief. Indeed Pharaoh, Haman and their armies were mistaken. And the wife of Pharaoh said, (to Pharaoh about Musa), He may be a delight of eye for me and you. Do not kill him. It is hoped that he will be of benefit to us, or we will adopt him as a son. And they were not aware (of what was going to happen). And the heart of the mother of Musa became restless; indeed she was about to disclose this (the real facts about Musa), had We not strengthened her heart to remain among those who have firm belief (in Allah‘s promise). She said to his sister, Keep track of him. So she watched him from a distance, while they were not aware.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

Allah had decreed that Musa (AS) will be returned to his mother. Naturally it was such that when the time came to feed the child, he would not accept milk of any woman. Upon seeing this, the sister of Musa (AS) presented herself and stated that there is a pious woman from the Israelites who might be able to breastfeed the child. Allah Ta’ala says:

“And We had already barred him (Musa) from (accepting) any suckling women, so she (his sister) said (to Pharaoh‘s people), Shall I point out to you a family who will nurse him for you, and they will be his well-wishers? Thus We brought him back to his mother, so that her eye might have comfort and she might not grieve, and so that she might know that Allah‘s promise is true, but most of them do not know.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

Prophet Musa (AS) grew up in the house of the Pharaoh with royal treatment until he was a strong young man. Upon reaching adulthood, Allah bestowed him with wisdom and knowledge. Allah says:

“And when he reached his maturity and became perfect, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. This is how We reward those who are good in their deeds.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

While growing up, he realized that he is from the Israelites and does not have any relationship to the Pharaoh or any of the Coptics. Seeing the oppression of the Coptics upon the Israelites, he had a soft heart for the Israelites and would help them out to easy their difficulties. Once upon entering the city he saw a Coptic man quarreling with an Israelite. While helping the Israelite, he clouted the Coptic. Musa (AS) was given the strength of the Prophets. The Coptic not being able to bear the clout from Musa (AS) fell dead. Realizing what had happened, Musa (AS) repented to Allah and asked his forgiveness. Allah Ta’ala says:

“Once he entered the city at a time when its people were heedless; so he found in it two men fighting each other: This one was from his own group, and that one from his enemies. So the one from his own group called him for help against the one who was from his enemies. So Musa gave him a blow with his fist and finished him off. (Then) He (Musa) said (out of remorse), ‘This is some of Satan‘s act. He is indeed a clear enemy who misleads (people).’ He said, ‘O my Lord, I have wronged myself, so forgive me.’ So He forgave him. Indeed He is the most Forgiving, Very-Merciful. He (Musa) said, O my Lord! As You have favoured me, I will never be a supporter of the sinners/wrongdoers.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

The news of the Coptic’s murder spread in the city but none knew who had killed him. The next day Musa (AS) again went around roaming the city and coincidentally the same Israelite was quarreling with another Coptic. The Israelite was calling Musa (AS) to assist him. Musa (AS) told the Israelite that you are a mischief-maker and went to help him. The Israelite thought Musa (AS) is coming to hit him and revealed that Musa (AS) was the one who killed the Coptic the previous day. Allah Ta’ala says:

“Then next morning he was fearful in the city, waiting (for what comes next) when the man who sought his help the day before, shouted to him for help (again). Musa said to him, you are surely a clear trouble-maker. Thereafter when he intended to grasp at the one who was an enemy to both of them, he (i.e. the Israelite) said, O Musa, do you want to kill me as you have killed a person yesterday? Your intention is only to become a tyrant in the land, and you do not intend to be one of the peace-makers.” [Surah Al-Qassas]

Upon hearing this, the Coptic fled and informed the Fir’awn (Pharaoh) that the unknown killer of the Coptic was in fact Musa (AS). The Pharaoh passed the verdict that Musa should be captured. From the people present in the assembly of Pharaoh was a man who was a close friend of Musa. He came and informed Musa of the verdict to capture him and advised him to flee the city. Allah Ta’ala says:

“And there came a man running from the farthest part of the city. He said, ‘The chiefs are counseling each other about you, so that they kill you. So, leave (the city). I am one of your well-wishers.'” [Surah Al-Qasas]

Musa (AS) acted upon his friend’s advice and left the city and proceeded toward the city of Madyan.

“So, he went out of it (the city), looking around in a state of fear. He said, O my Lord, save me from the cruel people. When he set out towards Madyan, he said, I hope my Lord will guide me to the straight path.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

The story of Musa (AS) continues in Madyan, where he marries the daughter of Shu’ayb (AS). But some scholars said he is not Prophet Shu’ayb (AS). I will omit all the details since it is not directly related to the Fir’awn (Pharaoh). Once, while travelling with his family, they got lost. At night he saw some light on the Mount Tur and proceed that maybe he might get some information or at least get some fire. Allah Ta’ala says:

“So, when Musa completed the term and set forth with his wife, he noticed a fire from the direction of (the mount) Tur, he said to his wife, ‘Stay here; I have noticed a fire. May be I bring to you some information or an ember from the fire, so that you may warm yourself.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

On the mount he received Prophethood and was ordered to go to the Fir’awn (Pharaoh) and warn him about his actions and to liberate the Israelites. Almighty Allah also bestowed him with miracles as proofs to show Pharaoh and made his brother Harun (AS) also a Prophet to aid him. Allah Ta’ala says:

“So when he came to it, he was called by a voice coming from a side of the right valley in the blessed ground, from the tree, saying, O Musa, I AM ALLAH, the Lord of the worlds, and saying, Throw down your staff. So when he saw it moving as if it were a snake, he turned back in retreat, and did not look back. (Allah said to him), O Musa come forward and do not fear; you are one of those in peace. Insert your hand into your bosom, and it will come out white without any evil (disease), and press your arm to your side for (removing) fear. Thus these are two proofs from your Lord (sent) to Pharaoh and his chiefs. Indeed they are transgressing people. He said, My Lord, I have killed a person from them, therefore I fear that they will kill me. And my brother Harun is more eloquent than me in speech; so send him with me as a helper to bear me out. I am afraid, they will give the lie to me. He (Allah) said, We will strengthen your arm with your brother, and will give both of you such a power that they will have no access to you (to cause any harm) because of Our signs. You and your followers will be the victors.” [Surah Al-Qasas]

Thereafter, Musa (AS) and Harun (AS) were commanded to go to the Pharaoh and invited him towards the true religion and say to him to set free the Israelites. Upon this a dialogue took place between Musa (AS) and the Fir’awn (Pharaoh). Allah says in the Qur’an:

“So go, both of you, to Pharaoh and say, We both are messengers of the Lord of all the worlds, (sent with the message) that you must send the children of Isra’il with us. He (Pharaoh) said, Did we not nourish you among us as a child? And you remained amidst us for years, and you did the blunder you did; still you are ungrateful. He said, I did that at a time when I was mistaken. Then I fled away from you when I feared you. Thereafter my Lord granted wisdom to me, and made me one of the messengers. As for the favour with which you are obliging me, it is that you have enslaved the children of Isra’il. Pharaoh said, what is the Lord of the worlds? He (Musa) said, Lord of the heavens and the earth and whatever there is between them, if you are to believe. He (The Pharaoh) said to those around him, are you not hearing? He (Musa) said, Your Lord and the Lord of your early forefathers. He (Pharaoh) said, your messenger who is sent to you is a mad man indeed. He (Musa) said, Lord of the East and the West and whatever lies between them, if you are to understand. He (Pharaoh) said, If you adopt a God other than me, I will certainly put you to prison.” [Surah Al-Shu’arah]

Upon this, Musa (AS) said what if we have brought forward clear and apparent proofs? The Pharaoh said, bring forth if you are from the truthful. Allah says:

“He (Musa) said Will you (do this) even if I bring to you something evident? He said, Then bring it, if you are truthful. So, he threw down his staff, and in no time it was a serpent, clearly visible, and he drew out his hand, and right then it was a white light to the onlookers. He (Pharaoh) said to the chiefs around him, this man is certainly an expert sorcerer. He wants to expel you from your land with his sorcery. So what do you suggest? They said, Leave him and his brother alone for some time, and send heralds to the cities, so that they bring to you every highly expert sorcerer.” [Surah Al-Shu’arah]

The Pharaoh challenged Musa (AS) and decided to call upon his best sorcerers and they decided that the challenge will be on a festival day in broad daylight:

“We will, then, bring to you a similar sorcery. So, make an appointment between you and us for an even place, not to be backed out, neither by us nor by you. He (Musa) said, your appointment is the festival day, and the people should be assembled at forenoon.” [SurahTa-Ha]

The festival day came and people from throughout the land had gathered to see the competition. On the day, the sorcerers approached the Pharaoh and asked that what will be in turn for us for winning the match? The Pharaoh promised them gifts, political appointments and high status. Allah says:

“So the sorcerers were assembled for the appointed time of a known day, [Qur’an, 26:39] and it was said to the people, would you assemble, so that we may follow the sorcerers if they are victorious? So, when the sorcerers came, they said to Pharaoh, Will there be a sure reward for us, if we are the victorious? He said, yes, and of course, you will then be among the closer ones.” [Surah Al-Shu’arah]

The match began where the sorcerers said to Musa (AS) either you go first or we will go first. Musa (AS) told them to proceed with their magic. Allah says:

“They said, O Musa, would you throw (first) or are we to throw? He said, You throw. So when they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people, and made them frightened, and produced great sorcery. We revealed to Musa, Throw your staff. Then of a sudden, it began to swallow all that they had concocted. Thus the truth prevailed, and what they were doing became a nullity. So, they were overcome then and there and turned humiliated.” [Surah Al-A’raf]

The sorcerers realized that this is no magic but something divine from Almighty Allah. They accepted his religion. The Pharaoh, shocked and displeased, threatened the sorcerers of prosecution and torture. Allah says:

“The sorcerers could not but fall in prostration. They said, we believe in the Lord of the worlds, the Lord of Musa and Harun. Pharaoh said, you have believed in him (Musa) before my permission. Undoubtedly, this is a plot you have designed in the city, so that you may expel its people from it. Now you shall know (its end). I will cut off your hands and your legs from opposite sides. Then I will crucify you all together. They said, we have surely to return to our Lord. For what fault would you punish us except that we have believed in the signs of our Lord when they appeared to us? O our Lord, pour out patience upon us, and cause us to die as Muslims (those who submit to you.)” [Surah Al-A’raf]

The Fir’awn (Pharaoh) still did not accept and continued to reject Allah and his Prophet Musa (AS). Allah Ta’ala had granted Musa (AS) many signs. These signs were a means to break the tyranny of the Pharaoh so he may accept the One Allah and set free the Israelites. Each sign was greater than the previous sign. Whenever the Pharaoh and his men were afflicted with one of these signs, they came to Musa (AS) and asked him to supplicate to Allah to remove them from this hardship. Upon removing the sign, they use to return to their heedlessness. Allah Ta’ala says:

“And We seized the people of Pharaoh with years of famine and poor production of fruits, so that they may learn a lesson. When good times came to them, they said, this is our right. And if an evil touched them, they took it as an ill omen of Musa and those with him. Listen, their ill omen lies with Allah only, but most of them do not know. They said, whatever sign you bring to us to enchant us with, we are not going to believe in you. So We sent upon them the storm and locusts and lice and frogs and blood, as signs distinct from each other. Yet they showed arrogance, and they were a guilty people. Whenever a scourge befell them, they said, O Musa, pray for us to your Lord by the covenant He has made with you. If you remove the scourge from us, we will truly believe in you, and will send the children of Israel with you. But when We removed the scourge from them for a term they had to reach, in no time they started to break their promise.” [Surah Al-A’raf]

Finally the time came when Allah revealed to Musa (AS) to take the Israelites and escape from the land of Egypt. Allah says:

“And We revealed to Musa saying, Make My servants travel at night. You will be pursued. So Pharaoh sent into the cities (his) men to muster (people) saying, these are a small band, and indeed they are enraging us, and we are a host, well-armed. Thus We expelled them (i.e. the people of Pharaoh) from gardens and springs, and from treasures and a noble abode. Thus it was. And We made the children of Israel inherit all such things. So they (the people of Pharaoh) pursued them (the people of Musa) at the time of sunrise. And when the two hosts saw each other, the Companions of Musa said, surely we are overtaken. He said, Never! Indeed with me is my Lord. He will guide me. So We revealed to Musa saying, Strike the sea with your staff. So it was severed apart, and each part became like a big mountain. Then We brought others close to that place. And We saved Musa and all those with him.” [Surah Al-Shu’arah]

When seeing the Israelites passing the sea, the Fir’awn (Pharaoh) and his men also went into the separated sea in their pursuit. However, the sea united itself and drowned the Pharaoh and his army. The Pharaoh at the throws of death realized that his life is about to end and the unseen things of the hereafter became apparent to him. In one breath he states thrice his belief in Allah, but alas, it is too late and was doomed for eternity. Allah says:

“And We let the children of Israel cross the sea. So, Pharaoh and his troops chased them in transgression and hostility, until when he was about to drown, he said, I believe that there is no god but the One in whom the children of Israel believe, and I am among those who submit to Allah. (Allah said,) is it now (that you have come to believe) while you were rebellious all along, and you were among the mischief-makers? So, today, We shall save your body, so that you may become a sign for those after you. And many of the people are heedless of Our signs.” [Surah Yunus]

Dear Brothers and Sisters! The story of the Israelites continues in the Qur’an, however the part dealing with the Pharaoh end here.

As stated before, the Qur’an is not a book of history where it takes it upon itself to discuss the names and dates of all the events. The name of the Pharaoh at the time of Musa (AS) is neither mentioned in the Qur’an nor in any narration of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Therefore, Shari’ah does not confirm or negate any name the archeologist may present.

Regarding the facts described in the Qur’an, then there are 100% true and we have firm belief in them. The archeologists of today’s time deny many aspects of the story of Musa (AS). For example, they deny the departing of the sea for which they claim there is no proof. Some archeologists even deny that the Israelites were ever in Egypt. The whole story of Musa (AS) and the Fir’awn (Pharaoh) is questionable to them since there is ‘no proof’ for it. For the Muslims, the Qur’an, the Word of Allah, is the biggest proof and all other facts and research are rejected when in contradiction with the Qur’an.

* Lessons Learnt from the Story of Musa and Fir’awn (Pharaoh)

My Respected people! As mentioned earlier, Fir’awn (Pharaoh) was the king of Egypt who defied Prophet Musa (Moses), challenged him and prevented the Children of Israel from obeying him and declaring their faith in Allah, the One and Only God, with him. He kept his unfaithfulness and disbelief in the Lordship of Allah and the Prophethood of Musa until he met his death as he was drowned in the Red Sea during the manhunt he administered and led against Prophet Musa and his faithful followers.

Amazingly, the Noble Qur’an related to all humanity the minute details of that amazing story and as is known, the Qur’an is not a storybook to be used to entertain people. Rather, it is a book of guidance by which man and all humanity can find the true and straight path towards Allah the Almighty and His everlasting pleasure. Thereupon, from this amazing story one can learn many lessons and derive many useful tips and values. Foremost among these lessons, one can cite what follows:

From this story, we learnt that Allah’s fate and predestination is unquestionably going to take place. As Pharaoh slaughtered thousands of children lest a promised one should come to life and defeat him as was predicted by his soothsayers. Indeed, this is what happened eventually as Musa was the one who caused Fir’awn (Pharaoh) to die in the sea.

From this story, we learnt that hearts of servants are in the Hand of Allah and not in the hand of anyone else. When Musa lost the heart of his mother, Allah the Merciful made the heart of Pharaoh’s wife lean towards him. So, then Pharaoh wanted to prevent Musa – as a child – from the mercy of his mother’s heart, Allah the Merciful gave Musa another mother who loved him and cared a lot about him as if he was her own son.

From this story, we learnt that no one can spoil another or compel him to deviate from the right path. Whilst, in the palace, Pharaoh used to say, “ I am your most exalted lord”, next door, Asiya, his wife, used to say, “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High.”

From this story, we learnt that houses are full of secrets and that a woman and her husband can live under the same ceiling while they are so much different from each other. It is the heart and not the ceiling of the house that may bring a wife and her husband together!

From this story, we learnt that a whole army – armed to the teeth – cannot compel one believer to forsake his faith in the One and Only God, Allah the Almighty. Neither the sorcerers were frightened by Pharaoh’s army, nor was his daughter’s maid frightened by the boiling oil in front of her sight.

From this story, we learnt that “blood is thicker than water” and that a young sister managed to bring back her little brother to his mother when she advised the people of the palace as saying, “Shall I direct you to a household who will rear him for you, and sincerely they will look after him in a good manner?” [Surah Al-Qasas 28: 12] In the same vein, a brother was so noble that he was not embarrassed to admit that his own brother is more eloquent than him in speech and asked Allah to send him (Harun) with him (Musa) to help him and confirm what he says to Pharaoh and his people.

From this story, we learnt that slaves make their masters with their own hands! And that Pharaoh could not have climbed atop their backs unless they have kneeled down and let him climb their backs! Allah the Almighty says in the Ever-Glorious Qur’an what means, “Thus he (Pharaoh) befooled (and misled) his people, and they obeyed him. Verily, they were ever a people who were rebellious, disobedient to Allah.” [Surah Al-Zukhruf, 43: 54]

From this story, we learnt that if Allah wants to give victory to one of his servants, He can do that even with a staff that was suitable only for the servant to lean on and drive his sheep with. And that if Allah wants to give defeat to one of his slaves who has all powers and a huge army, police and all security agents, Allah can do this even if that slave is amidst his army that is armed to the teeth.

From this story, we learnt that all that is on earth is but cause and effect that affect people, all people, but never affects Allah, the Creator of all! We learnt that the river which is supposed to drown children has become a carrier who carries and delivers a package containing the child who was looked for by Pharaoh to Pharaoh himself. We learnt that the sea that cannot be crossed but onboard ships was crossed by a group of people on foot after it was turned into a dry road or pathway!

From this story, we learnt that all that is on earth is but Allah’s forces and soldiers; Allah says in the Qur’an what means, “and none can know the forces of your Lord, except He.” It is Allah the Almighty Who chooses the weapon for the battle; when Pharaoh came with his army to destroy Prophet Musa and his people, Allah could have brought him a similar or even greater army. However, Fir’awn (Pharaoh) was much inferior to that in Allah’s Sight, therefore, Allah drowned him in the water from which He, Glory be His, created every living thing!

Given all this, Allah is Much Mightier than all and every Fir’awn (Pharaoh); despair not, be saddened not, and have full trust in your Lord, Allah the Almighty; He is the Owner of everything, the Sustainer and Supporter of everyone, and the Supporter of the truth:

“And Allah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not.” [Surah Yusuf, 12: 12]

Respected Brothers and Sisters! I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

O Allah! Safeguard our Iman, take us from this world with complete Iman, and on the Day of Judgement resurrect us with those that have perfect Iman, Ameen.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Jumadal-Ula 29, 1439 AH (February 16, 2018), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.