Muhammad (Peace be upon him) preached to the people to have trust in Allah the Almighty. His whole life was a sublime example of the precept. In the loneliness of Makkah, in the midst of persecution and danger, in adversity and tribulations, and in the thick of enemies in the battles of Uhud and Hunain, complete faith and trust in Allah the Almighty, appears as the dominant feature in his life.


Wednesday, Ramadan 3, 1440 AH (08/05/2019)

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessing be upon whom Allah sent as a mercy to the Worlds, upon his Family, his Companions and his Brothers till the Day of Resurrection.

Respected servants of Allah! Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was the Messenger of Allah who carried his mission as Allah instructed Him to. Among His beautiful teachings, let’s look at his life:

His dress generally consisted of a shirt, trousers (or izar), a sheet thrown round the shoulders and a turban. On rare occasions, he would put on costly robes presented to him by foreign emissaries in the later part of his life. [Ahmad in his Musnad and Hafiz Bin Qayyim in Zad al-Ma’ad]

His blanket had several patches. [Tirmizi]

He had very few spare clothes, but he kept them spotlessly clean. [Bukhari]

He wanted others also to put on simple but clean clothes.

Once he saw a person putting on dirty clothes and remarked:

“Why can’t this man wash them.” [Abu Dawud]

On another occasion he enquired of a person in dirty clothes whether he had any income. Upon getting a reply in the affirmative, he observed:

“When Allah has blessed you with His bounty, your appearance should reflect it.” [Abu Dawud]

He used to observe:

“Cleanliness is piety.” [Abu Dawud]

His mode of living was simple: He advised the people to live simple lives and he practiced great austerity himself. Even when he had become the virtual leader of Arabia, he lived an austere life bordering on privation. He used to say:

“What have I to do with worldly things. My connection with the world is like that of a traveler resting for a while underneath the shade of a tree and then moving on.”

About himself the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Allah has sent me as a Messenger so that I may demonstrate perfection of character, refinement of manners and loftiness of deportment.” [Imams Malik in Mawatta, Ahmad in Musnad and in Mishkat]

And he said:

“I am a Prophet of Allah but I do not know what will be my end.” [Bukhari]

In one of his sermons calculated to instill the fear of Allah and the day of reckoning in the hearts of people, he said:

“O people of Quraish be prepared for the hereafter, I cannot save you from the punishment of Allah; O Bani Abdul Manaf, I cannot save you from Allah; O Abbas, son of Abdul Mutalib, I cannot protect you either; O Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, even you I cannot save.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

He used to say:

“O Allah! I am but a man. If I hurt any one in any manner, then forgive me and do not punish me.” [Ahmad in Musnad]

He always received people with courtesy and showed respect to older people and stated:

“To honour an old man is to show respect to Allah.”

He would not deny courtesy even to wicked persons. It is stated that a person came to his house and asked permission for admission. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) remarked that he was not a good person but might be admitted. When he came in and while he remained in the house, he was shown full courtesy. When he left, Aisha (RA) said:

“You did not think well of this man, but you treated him so well.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him) replied, “He is a bad person in the sight of Allah who does not behave courteously and people shun his company because of his bad manners.” [Bukhari]

He used to visit the poorest of ailing persons and exhorted all Muslims to do likewise. [Bukhari]

He would sit with the humblest of persons saying that righteousness alone was the criterion of one’s superiority over another. He invariably invited people, be they slaves, servants or the poorest believers, to partake with him of his scanty meals. [Tirmizi]

Whenever he visited a person he would first greet him and then take his permission to enter the house. He advised the people to follow this etiquette and not to get annoyed if anyone declined to give permission, for it was quite likely the person concerned was busy otherwise and did not mean any disrespect.

There was no type of household work too low or too undignified for him. Aisha (RA) has stated:

“He always joined in household work and would at times mend his clothes, repair his shoes and sweep the floor. He would milk, tether, and feed his animals and do the household shopping.” [Qadhi Iyad in ash-Shifa and Bukhari]

Muhammad (Peace be upon him) preached to the people to have trust in Allah the Almighty. His whole life was a sublime example of the precept. In the loneliness of Makkah, in the midst of persecution and danger, in adversity and tribulations, and in the thick of enemies in the battles of Uhud and Hunain, complete faith and trust in Allah the Almighty, appears as the dominant feature in his life. And however great the danger that confronted him, he never lost hope and never allowed himself to be unduly agitated. Abu Talib knew the feelings of the Quraish when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) started his mission. He also knew the lengths to which the Quraish could go, and requested the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to abandon his mission, but the latter calmly replied:

“Dear uncle, do not go by my loneliness. Truth will not go unsupported for long. The whole of Arabia and beyond will one day espouse its cause.” [Sirah Ibn Hisham]

When the attitude of the Quraish became more threatening, Abu Talib again begged his nephew to renounce his mission but the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) reply was:

“O my uncle, if they placed the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, to force me to renounce my work, verily I would not desist there from until Allah made manifest His cause, or I perished in the attempt.”

To another well-wisher, he said:

“Allah will not leave me forlorn.”

A dejected and oppressed disciple was comforted by him with the words:

“By Allah, the day is near when this faith will reach its pinnacle and none will have to fear anyone except Allah.” [Bukhari]

The beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked people to be just and kind. As the supreme judge and arbiter, as the leader of men, as generalissimo of a rising power, as a reformer and Messenger, he had always to deal with men and their affairs. He had often to deal with mutually inimical and warring tribes when showing justice to one carried the danger of antagonising the other, and yet he never deviated from the path of justice. In administering justice, he made no distinction between believers and nonbelievers, friends and foes, high and low.

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) asked people to shun notions of racial, family or any other form of superiority based on mundane things and said that righteousness alone was the criterion of one’s superiority over another. It has already been shown how he mixed with everyone on equal terms, how he ate with slaves, servants and the poorest on the same sheet (a practice that is still followed in Arabia), how he refused all privileges and worked like any ordinary labourer.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) not only preached to the people to show kindness to each other but also to all living souls. He forbade the practice of cutting tails and manes of horses, of branding animals at any soft spot, and of keeping horses saddled unnecessarily. [Muslim]

If he saw any animal over-loaded or ill-fed, he would pull up the owner and say, “Fear Allah in your treatment of animals.” [Abu Dawud]

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) enjoined upon Muslims to treat the poor kindly and to help them with alms, zakah and in other ways. He said:

“He is not a perfect Muslim who eats his fill and lets his neighbour go hungry.”

He asked someone:

“Do you love your Creator? Then love your fellow beings first.”

Monopoly is unlawful in Islam and he preached that:

“It is difficult for a man laden with riches to climb the steep path that leads to bliss.”

He did not prohibit or discourage the acquisition of wealth but insisted that it be lawfully acquired by honest means and that a portion of it would go to the poor. He advised his followers to:

“Give the laborer his wages before his perspiration dried up.”

He did not encourage beggary either and stated that:

“Allah is gracious to him who earns his living by his own labour, and that if a man begs to increase his property, Allah will diminish it and whoever has food for the day, it is prohibited for him to beg.”

To his wife he said:

“O Aisha, love the poor and let them come to you and Allah will draw you near to Himself.” [Bukhari]

His love for the poor was so deep that he used to pray:

“O Allah, keep me poor in my life and at my death and raise me at resurrection among those who are poor.” [An-Nasa’i]

May Allah grant our noble Prophet Jannatul Firdaus. Ameen!

The perfect knowledge belongs to Allah the Almighty. Our last prayer is, all praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessing be upon our Prophet, his Family, his Companions and his Brothers till the Day of Resurrection.

We ask Allah the Most High to strengthen us in Ramadan, accept our fasts, and reward us with His forgiveness and the highest place in Paradise. Ameen.

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.