To contain the current spate of insecurity in Nigeria, more bullets are needed and fewer prayers… Faced with the current reality of the inability of Nigeria’s security forces to secure the entire stretch of the Nigerian territory, there is an urgent need to review Nigeria’s gun laws to allow for a limited civilian armament initiative to enhance the lethal capabilities of law abiding citizens at self-defence.


As Nigeria’s security situation worsens, the government is increasingly appearing hopelessly helpless. For a country that has perhaps one the most restrictive gun laws and arms regulations in the world, which prohibit the possession of light arms and small weapons by citizens, the current situation of widespread proliferation of these prohibited weapons is indicative of a near total breakdown of law and order. In addition to the Boko Haram insurgent group, an estimated 22 armed groups, prominent among which is the fourth most dangerous group in the world, the killer herdsmen, are operating within the Nigerian territory. Lacking an effective border security system, Nigeria has become a thoroughfare for killer herdsmen pouring into the country from all over West and Central Africa, who have successfully converted the country’s internal contradicting fault lines into criminal economic advantages, either as mercenary fighters or self-helping bandits.

With a population of nearly 200 million people occupying a land area of 923,768 square kilometres, Nigeria’s combined security services strength of less than 500 thousand men and women under arms, which are maintained with an annual provision of a poor sum of about $5 billion, have become overtly stretched and unable to secure the land and peoples of Nigeria. With military operations in all the 36 states of the federation, the Nigerian army that is traditionally at the frontline of the defence of Nigeria’s territorial integrity against external aggression, has unfortunately been drawn into internal security operations, as the Nigerian Police Force that is primarily charged with this responsibility, appears totally overwhelmed with the current spate of internal insecurity in the country.

As a result of the overstretch of Nigeria’s security services, large swathes of land and peoples are currently left ungoverned, making it easy for armed non-state actors to occupy and assert their criminal suzerainty within an otherwise sovereign country. Armed bandits that were previously ravaging the North-West through cattle rustling, kidnapping, armed robbery, plunder and mass murder are gradually spreading their tentacles across central Nigeria and penetrating deep into the forests of the South. In the North-East, the Boko Haram insurgents have transmuted into a formidable fighting force that is organised enough to take on hard targets of military installations and embark on daredevil ambushes of military convoys, thereby inflicting heavy casualties on officers and men of the armed forces in what can be described as the highest recorded loss since the end of the Nigeria-Biafra civil war in 1970.

In a clear demonstration of admittance of the loss of their legitimate monopoly of force and violence to armed non-state actors, the governing authorities in Nigeria, having become humbled in weakness, have resorted to negotiations with fanfare with criminal gangs of bandits or are simply abdicating their roles as commanders-in-chief and chief security officers…


Rated as the third most terrorised country in the world, Nigeria is currently under the siege of armed non state actors and other criminal gangs that have made the lives and properties of citizens very insecure on highways, in work places and even at homes. In the on-going onslaught, nobody is sure of being spared of the terror of these vicious, blood thirsty and money-seeking criminals that are domiciled in the mentioned vast ungoverned territories across Nigeria.

The acute failure of Nigeria’s governing authorities across all strata to contain the current endemic state of insecurity in the country is manifested in their expressions of helpless hopelessness. In a clear demonstration of admittance of the loss of their legitimate monopoly of force and violence to armed non-state actors, the governing authorities in Nigeria, having become humbled in weakness, have resorted to negotiations with fanfare with criminal gangs of bandits or are simply abdicating their roles as commanders-in-chief and chief security officers on earth to God in heaven.

For an administration that has been living in denial of the grim reality of the deteriorating state of insecurity under its watch, President Muhammadu Buhari’s politicisation of national security matters by consistently claiming phantom victory over Boko Haram insurgents has boomeranged, as his security architecture has been castrated, leaving the security forces prostrate in the face of worsening insecurity. The recent call for spiritual warfare through concerted efforts at de-radicalisation and prayers for divine intervention in the war against terror by General Yusuf Buratai, the head of the Nigerian Army, is suggestive of an inherent military fatigue on the side of the Nigerian state against armed non-state actors. Following this call for spiritual warfare by General Buratai, the governor of Borno state, Babagana Zulum Umara has also sealed a contract with Saudi Arabia based Muslim prayer warriors to redirect their cosmic energies towards helping the state defeat the deadly Boko Haram insurgents.

Prayers alone don’t defeat armed enemies; bullets are needed. In response to the recent drone attacks on its oil facilities, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia didn’t engage the services of prayer warriors, which it possibly has in abundance, but is currently scaling up its $70 billion defence facilities to forestall future attacks…


While the call for concerted efforts at de-radicalisation to stem the rising tide of recruitment into the rank and file of the Boko Haram insurgency group is a valid one, it is however only a long term strategic solution that is not the responsibility of the army but that of civil authorities, in collaboration with the leadership of the Muslim community in Nigeria. The role of the army, as well as other security agencies, is to fight to restore the security of lives and property in a peaceful, lawful and orderly environment. Similarly, the call for prayers to defeat the Boko Haram insurgency and other forms of insecurity, is stretching negative religiosity exceedingly far. Prayers alone don’t defeat armed enemies; bullets are needed. In response to the recent drone attacks on its oil facilities, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia didn’t engage the services of prayer warriors, which it possibly has in abundance, but is currently scaling up its $70 billion defence facilities to forestall future attacks, while also considering the sensible option of ending the senseless war of aggression in Yemen.

To contain the current spate of insecurity in Nigeria, more bullets are needed and fewer prayers. When faced with aggression and war, Muslims were not urged to pray alone but to fight in self-defence. Quran chapter 2 [Al-Baqarah] verse 190 reads thus “fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not be an aggressor. Allah does not like aggressors.” Faced with the current reality of the inability of Nigeria’s security forces to secure the entire stretch of the Nigerian territory, there is an urgent need to review Nigeria’s gun laws to allow for a limited civilian armament initiative to enhance the lethal capabilities of law abiding citizens at self-defence. To underscore the point that more bullets and fewer prayers are needed at this most desperately dangerous times, the Borno State government, while waiting for the expected divine intervention has followed up with the physical engagements of thousands of skilled hunters armed with dane guns and protective charms to fight the resurgent Boko Haram insurgency.

It has become expedient for the Nigerian state to consider adopting a modified version of America’s second amendment that allows law abiding citizens of Nigeria to possess small arms and light assault weapons for the purposes of self-defence. This will allow for the proper arming of the civilian joint task forces (JTFs) and any such community evolved security arrangement to enhance their lethal capabilities at repelling criminal armed groups of non-state actors that are terrorising the Nigerian people. To effectively contain and defeat the current influx of criminal elements in the society is to arm the good people. With the current level of uncontrollable proliferation of arms among the various criminal groups in Nigeria, it will amount to double jeopardy for the current ineffectual weapons control to be effected only on law abiding citizens. If the Nigerian state cannot maximally effect its own arms regulation laws, then the time is nigh to relax this for citizens, who despite the easy access to illegal weapons as a result of overt proliferation, have chosen to remain law abiding, to legally acquire arms in the defence of their lives and property.

Majeed Dahiru, a public affairs analyst, writes from Abuja and can be reached through dahirumajeed@gmail.com.