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Greenberg’s “Sandworm” and Africa Tech, By Rafiq Raji

There are many lessons for African firms and governments from these incidents. Do African governments have measures in place in the event of an internet shutdown, for instance? As the foregoing shows, an internet mishap could be because a submarine cable was cut, a malware was put into the system…
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Democracy and African Development (3), By Rafiq Raji

Cheeseman (2015) suggests “Africanising” democracy, arguing some of the “most successful innovations on the continent, such as zoning in Nigeria or the best loser system in Mauritius, have been homegrown.” Cheeseman (2015) advocates “a more indigenous set of political arrangements” is best suited for Africa’s peculiarities. For better or worse,…
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Democracy and African Development (2), By Rafiq Raji

In sum, democracy, while underwhelming in general on the continent thus far, has great prospects for tackling some of the widely acknowledged constraints on African development like ethnicity, nepotism, corruption and so on. The so-called “dividends of democracy” remain elusive to many Africans. As earlier highlighted, democracy engenders development by…
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Democracy and African Development (1), By Rafiq Raji

Acemoglu et al. (2019) show evidence that democracy engenders economic growth by attracting more investment, facilitating increased educational attainment, spurring economic reforms, decreasing social restiveness and thus the security of lives and property, and the provision of public services. Whether Africa’s democratic experiment thus far has led to differential economic…
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Culture and Doing Business In Africa (3), By Rafiq Raji

Except for South African countries, where there is relatively high state capacity, my framework would not recommend an investment in the African utilities sector; not in the traditional way, at least. Innovative solutions like off-grid, solar and other renewable power solutions are proving to be viable, though. But they tend…
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Culture and Doing Business In Africa (2), By Rafiq Raji

...my cultural framework for doing business in Africa relies on culture, doing business rankings, emerging market (EM) statuses,  and soft power ranking to recommend sectors in Africa that are likely to be successfully tapped into by foreign investors. As discussed in the first part of this article last week, my…
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Culture and Doing Business In Africa (1), By Rafiq Raji

...my framework relies on these factors – culture, doing business ranking, EM status, and soft power ranking - to recommend sectors in Africa that are likely to be successfully tapped by foreign investors. I rely on the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) in this regard. The sectors considered are as…
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Advocating African Development Through Culture Change, By Rafiq Raji

Rote-learning remains the dominant teaching method in many African countries. To become innovation-focused, young Africans need to acquire critical thinking skills early on. It is not as difficult as it may Pre-recorded classes by teachers already skilled in critical thinking pedagogical methods abroad could be played to local students. Clearly,…
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Changing Culture In Africa (2), By Rafiq Raji

Being as cultural change largely consists of social learning and persuasion, cultural entrepreneurs, like today’s celebrities and social media influencers, can be effective cultural change agents. According to Mokyr (2016), “cultural authorities (or celebrities) often have no special expertise and yet somehow become the source of authority or focal points…
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Changing Culture In Africa (1), By Rafiq Raji

...it is the institutions around the culture that need to be changed or reformed to become fit-for-purpose for the current modern era. Intercultural exchange can also be a mechanism through which sub-optimal norms are updated or discarded. Cultural entrepreneurs have also been found to be effective influencers; albeit with varied…
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